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    Guide To The Different Types of Floors

    Different Types of Flooring

    These days there is a multitude of different kinds of hard floor coverings.  In fact, they are so numerous that it can be difficult learning how to properly care for each type.  Listed below are some of the most common types of flooring along with some useful tips on floor care:

    Different Types of FlooringResilient Floors, particularly vinyl composition tile (VCT) flooring, is used for commercial purposes on high traffic flooring like in grocery or retail stores.  VT tiles hold up very well to heavy traffic because they are so durable.  However, a fair amount of maintenance is required to keep the floors in good repair and looking good.  There should be a finish or sealer applied to these floors to provide them with a high-gloss appearance.  In addition, the floors need to be swept and then mopped using a neutral pH cleaner regularly.  Interim maintenance may need to be done to the floors as well using a high speed or low speed flooring machines.  They also may need to be stripped and re-coated with a floor finish occasionally.

    Stone products include limestone, granite and marble.  Over the last 10 years, use of stone floors has dramatically increased, despite the fact that it is among the most expensive flooring available.  When caring for a stone floor, you need to be very careful or you can permanently damage the surface very easily if you happen to use the wrong chemicals on it.  Sweeping and mopping every day and using entry mats are key to keeping your stone floors looking great.  Use a stone soap or neutral floor cleaner to mop the floor.  For daily maintenance, don’t ever use an acid or alkaline cleaner.  Over time, they can damage your floor.

    Masonry products include concrete, clay tile and ceramic tile.  Clay and ceramic tiles are available in a wide variety of textures and styles, which can determine the kind of maintenance that these floors need.  Ceramic tile is either unglazed or glazed.  Glazed tiles are shiny, have a surface layer that is non-porous and are much more moisture and stain resistant.  On the other hand, unglazed ceramic tiles are more slip resistant.  Now that texture and color additives are available, concrete flooring has become a lot more popular.  You can seal and finish a concrete floor just like you can a VCT file floor.  Their daily maintenance requirements are also similar.  A neutral pH floor cleaner is recommended.  The daily maintenance for ceramic tile floors involves sweeping and mopping using a neutral pH cleanser.  Alkaline or acid cleaners should not be used for daily maintenance since they can damage the grout and tile over the long run.  Grout might need to be cleaned periodically using a nylo grit brush and slow speed flooring machine.  The brush can help you get clean the grout lines, which tend to accumulate soil.

    Wood floors are very common in residential homes these days.  It is very important to protect your floors from moisture, soil, stains and abuse in order to keep them looking good.  Wood floors need basic maintenance that is similar to other types of flooring.  However, wood scratches very easily and is sensitive to water compared to other kinds of floors.  You need to use extreme care when you have wood floors.  Avoid dragging things across them, and when you are cleaning don’t use an excessive amount of water.  The best thing to do is to use a microfiber mop or regular mop that is well wrung out.  A microfiber mop uses less less water than a regular mop does.  A commercial wood cleaner should be used, but furniture polish and oil-based soaps should not be used on a wood floor, since they can leave a residue and make the flooring slippery.

    Laminate Floors are very popular these days for use in residential houses.  Laminate flooring is made from a combination of cellulose products (mainly woods) and wood.  A clear resin called melamine is applied to its surface.  This makes the outer layer strong.  According to manufacturers, laminate floors need little to no maintenance.  It is recommended that your sweep and damp mop them with a laminate floor cleaner on a regular basis.  Laminate floors, like wood floors, are moisture sensitive.  Therefore, when you are cleaning them, don’t use an excessive amount of water.